Skip to main content

Solving the most common power quality problems

Tools and tips to address distortion and harmonics issues

Troubleshooting is a systematic process to detect and eliminate problems. Electrical Solution Without the necessary training, it is possible not to recognize power quality problems when faced with problems in electrical distribution systems. For example, a thermal-magnetic breaker that has normally tripped indicates a short circuit, a ground fault, or an overload. When the immediate problem is not obvious, it may be dismissed as "it is no longer an old circuit breaker that needs to be replaced."

Instead, a quality-savvy technician or engineer asks, "Maybe we should take a look at the types of loads in the system and monitor harmonics. Shouldn't we check for any imbalances?"

Knowing and recognizing the most common power quality symptoms and how to resolve them is a first step in troubleshooting power quality problems.            

What tools are needed for this job?

As with any troubleshooting task, you need the right tools. When it comes to troubleshooting power quality issues, these tools may not be what you think.

First, you need a good set of up-to-date diagrams. Then use a power quality analyzer to measure and record the specific parameters associated with power quality. Other tools, such as a data logger , thermal imager , infrared thermometer , and a recording digital multimeter can also help you solve these types of problems.

What kinds of problems will you face?

The most common power quality problems are grouped into two large areas: Electrical services voltage anomalies and harmonic distortion problems. Voltage anomalies can cause a number of problems, many of which can be easily resolved. The key is to detect the symptoms.

Voltage fluctuations are responsible for up to 80% of all power quality problems. A dip or fluctuation occurs when the system voltage drops to 90% or less of the nominal system voltage, during an interval of half a cycle to one minute. Common symptoms of dips include dimming of incandescent lights if the downtime lasts more than three cycles, computer freezes, unexpected shutdown of sensitive electronic equipment, loss of data (memory) in programmable controls, and relay control problems.

To troubleshoot potential sags, start by monitoring the load where the sag symptoms first occurred. Compare the time the equipment failed with the time the voltage drop occurred; if there is no correlation, it is most likely not a voltage drop problem. Continue troubleshooting by monitoring downstream until you locate the source. Use the plant diagrams to help you determine if starting large motors is responsible for the voltage drop or if there are other sudden increases in the plant's current demand.

The frequency with which they occur power surges or surges it is barely half the frequency of falls. However, voltage surges in the system for short periods of up to one cycle or more can cause problems. As with all power quality problems, parameters should be tracked over a period of time, then observed and interpreted.

Symptoms of power surges include immediate equipment failure, usually in the power section of electronic devices. However, some equipment failures may not occur immediately, as power surges can occur over a period of time and damage components prematurely. If analysis of electronic equipment reveals poor power, monitor voltage trends on feeders and branch circuits that power the equipment. Where possible, compare the ratio of failures to similar equipment operating in parts of systems that are known not to surge.

When analyzing ASP Level 2 Electrician the results of the power quality study, look for any sudden errors that have occurred in the ground connection of a single phase line. This type of error causes the voltage to rise suddenly in the two phases that do not present problems. Loads in large plants suddenly drop off the line, and changing capacitors for power factor correction can also cause power surges.

The voltage transients can cause symptoms ranging from computer crashes and damage to electronic equipment to shock and damage to the insulation distribution equipment.

Transients, sometimes referred to as spikes, are substantial increases in voltage, but only during microsecond intervals. Lightning strikes and mechanical switching are common causes. Equipment failure during a storm is often correctly attributed to transients and power quality monitoring is not performed.

Other causes of transients include changing capacitors or capacitor banks, reconnecting systems after a power failure, changing motor loads, switching loads and fluorescent lamps on or off, and high intensity discharge, the change of transformers and the sudden stop of some equipment. For these transient conditions, monitor the load and establish a relationship of equipment performance problems or errors with events in the distribution system.

The normal generation of arcs between contacts when interrupting large loads can be a cause of transients. Use the facilities line to check in the upstream direction of the distribution system until you find the origin.

Power interruptions can last two to five seconds or longer. The symptom is usually that the computer simply stops working. Interrupts longer than five seconds are generally known as sustained interruptions. Most motor control circuits and process control systems are not designed to reset, even after a brief interruption of power.

If a power outage occurs when the equipment is left unattended, the cause of the equipment disconnection may not be correctly identified. Only by monitoring the equipment and establishing a correlation of the time in which the power interruptions occurred in the equipment with the time in which the problems with this occurred will it be possible to identify interruptions in the voltage.


Popular posts from this blog


It's amazing how one and the same stone can awaken in a person a variety of intentions and aspirations - an unfair struggle has been fought over diamonds for centuries, today these precious stones are the most valuable exhibits at exhibitions, and the cost of Pink diamond at auctions rises to unimaginable limits. Diamonds evoke the brightest emotions, delight, but at the same time give rise to dark thoughts, inspired by the desire to single-handedly possess the treasure. In the world of jewelry, everything is not so categorical, diamonds in products and accessories are so widely represented that each buyer can choose stones in any price category, literally from several thousand rubles. This gem is a diamond cut in a special, ultra-precise way: the facets are arranged in such a way that the natural beauty of the stone is emphasized - its color, transparency, light refraction. Jewelers have developed enough types of cut to find a personal approach to each  Pink diamond , a way that

Engagement Rings You Don't Get Screwed Up With The Order

Whether you are looking for cheap engagement rings, or more expensive pieces with diamonds, you need to follow some fundamental tips to make the right choice and be able to please the bride with a ring that represents all the love and commitment you want to assume. The first thing you need to do is define the budget you have in mind.  Keep in mind that you will have to reserve a part for the  wedding rings  , since the engagement ring is not the same as the alliances that you will wear throughout the marriage. The second is to find a good jewelry.  At Torrico Joyeros you may not find all the ring models that we show you in this article, but many others similar, good prices and top quality crafts. If you do not have the ability to invest too much money, you should choose a low cost engagement ring, but do not be discouraged, there are hundreds of beautiful models on the market to choose from. Another point to consider is whether or not you wear diamonds.  Not all rings shoul

Home automation: saving time

1. Remote control of electrical appliances Imagine this situation: you are already driving up to work and remember that you forgot to turn off the heater in the living room. This will lead to the fact that you wasted time and money on the road - if you decide to go back and check the money for utility bills - if the electrical appliance is running all day. smart Home automation will help to avoid this. Connect the necessary devices (for example, a heater, fan, boiler) to the Socket smart socket sand set up the scenario: when you press a button in the mobile application or on the Key Fob control panel, the smart sockets are de-energized. You can configure the scenario for one outlet or for all outlets at once.Pensive man with smartphone If you want electrical appliances to turn off at the same time every day, create a script on a schedule: for example, every weekday at 7.50 am, all smart sockets are turned off. 2. Light control To not worry about whether the lights are off in the bat